कृष्ण के सी/अमेरिका/७/२४/१९
अमेरिकाको U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) ले २३ जुलाई २०१९ मा एक सूचना जारि गर्दै बैदेशिक लगानीमा र रोजगारीमा नयाँ नीति ल्याइने भएको कुरा जनाएको छ।
आउने नीतिमा विदेशीले अमेरिकामा गर्ने लगानीमा मिनिमम लगानी बढेको छ। बढ्ने लगानीमा कम्तिमा मिलियन डलर लगानी गर्नुपर्ने हुनेछ। यति मात्र होइन लगानीको हरेक पाँच वर्षमा इन्फ्लेशन समेत अटोमेटिक रुपमा एडजष्ट गरिने कुरा उल्लेख गरिएको छ।
यसका साथै नयाँ नीति अनुसार बैदेशिक आयातित रोजगारीको क्षेत्रमा समेत निश्चित क्षेत्र र मापदण्ड तोकिने भएको छ। अब विदेशबाट ल्याइने जनशक्तिमा घेरा साँघुरो बनाइने भएको छ। पावारिक नाताका व्यक्तिहरुलाई समेत लगानीको कारण प्राप्त ग्रिनकार्डको पनि नयाँ स्टाटस एडजष्टमेण्ट गर्नुपर्ने हुनेछ। अर्थात उपरान्त प्रिन्सिपल लगानीकर्ताको लागि मात्र सजिलै ग्रिनकार्ड हुने नीति हुनेछ। यो नीति पुराना र नयाँ दुवै पक्षहरुलाई लागु हुनेछ। यसले एक किसिमले इमिग्रेशनमा खैलाबैला नै मच्च्याएको छ।
अमेरिकी राष्ट्रपति डनल्ड ट्रंपको बाइ अमेरिकन र हायर अमेरिकन नीति उपरान्त कार्यान्वयनमा आउने भएको छ। अब U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) ले जारि गर्ने अन्तिम सूचना जुलाइ २४, २०१९ मा परिवार्तिक सबै कुराहरु उल्लेख हुनेछन। बिशेषगरी EB-5 Immigrant Investor Program मा १९९३ पछि पहिलो पटक भएको यो परिमार्जन भने नोभेम्बर २१, २०१९ देखि मात्र लागु हुनेछ।
परिमार्जन हुने नयाँ नीतिमा निम्न कुरा हुनेछन:
- Raising the minimum investment amounts
- Revising the standards for certain targeted employment area (TEA) designations;
- Giving the agency responsibility for directly managing TEA designations;
- Clarifying USCIS procedures for the removal of conditions on permanent residence
- Allowing EB-5 petitioners to retain their priority date under certain circumstances.
- Under the EB-5 program, individuals are eligible to apply for conditional lawful permanent residence in the United States if they make the necessary investment in a commercial enterprise in the United States and create or, in certain circumstances, preserve 10 permanent full-time jobs for qualified U.S. workers.
- Nearly 30 years ago, Congress created the EB-5 program to benefit U.S. workers, boost the economy, and aid distressed communities by providing an incentive for foreign capital investment in the United States,” said USCIS Acting Director Ken Cuccinelli. Since its inception, the EB-5 program has drifted away from Congress’s intent. Our reforms increase the investment level to account for inflation over the past three decades and substantially restrict the possibility of gerrymandering to ensure that the reduced investment amount is reserved for rural and high-unemployment areas most in need. This final rule strengthens the EB-5 program by returning it to its Congressional intent.
- Major changes to EB-5 in the final rule include:
- Raising minimum investment amounts: As of the effective date of the final rule, the standard minimum investment level will increase from $1 million to $1.8 million, the first increase since 1990, to account for inflation. The rule also keeps the 50% minimum investment differential between a TEA and a non-TEA, thereby increasing the minimum investment amount in a TEA from $500,000 to $900,000. The final rule also provides that the minimum investment amounts will automatically adjust for inflation every five years.
- TEA designation reforms: The final rule outlines changes to the EB-5 program to address gerrymandering of high-unemployment areas (which means deliberately manipulating the boundaries of an electoral constituency). Gerrymandering of such areas was typically accomplished by combining a series of census tracts to link a prosperous project location to a distressed community to obtain the qualifying average unemployment rate. As of the effective date of the final rule, DHS will eliminate a state’s ability to designate certain geographic and political subdivisions as high-unemployment areas; instead, DHS would make such designations directly based on revised requirements in the regulation limiting the composition of census tract-based TEAs. These revisions will help ensure TEA designations are done fairly and consistently, and more closely adhere to congressional intent to direct investment to areas most in need.
- Clarifying USCIS procedures for removing conditions on permanent residence: The rule revises regulations to make clear that certain derivative family members who are lawful permanent residents must independently file to remove conditions on their permanent residence. The requirement would not apply to those family members who were included in a principal investor’s petition to remove conditions. The rule improves the adjudication process for removing conditions by providing flexibility in interview locations and to adopt the current USCIS process for issuing Green Cards.
- Allowing EB-5 petitioners to keep their priority date: The final rule also offers greater flexibility to immigrant investors who have a previously approved EB-5 immigrant petition. When they need to file a new EB-5 petition, they generally now will be able to retain the priority date of the previously approved petition, subject to certain exceptions.
थप बिवरण आधिकारिक सूचनामा हेर्नुहोला।